After a physical therapy session, while you may feel sore and worn out, there is no need to be confused by some of the language or terminologies that were potentially used by your physical therapist. In order to give you a guide of some of the more frequently used terms, we’ve pulled our first mini-glossary together below to give you some of the answers you may be looking for!

Abduction – A movement of a limb away from the center of the body

Adduction – A movement of a limb toward the center of the body

Cervical – Pertaining to the neck

Core – Pertaining to the trunk

Dissociation – To separate.  (ie. a limb performs a movement without the other extremity doing the same movement at the same time)

Extension – A straightening of the spine or limbs

External rotation – An outward turning of a limb away from the body

Flexion – A bending or forward movement of the spine or limbs

Hyperextension – Excessive movement in the direction of extension

Internal rotation – An inward turning of a limb toward the body

Lumbar – Pertaining to the low back

Prone – Lying on the belly (face down)

Range of Motion – A measure of the amount of movement/motion available at any given joint of the body

Reflex – An involuntary response to a stimulus

Static – At rest, not in motion

Published July 18, 2016 | Posted in Portsmouth PT Blog Posts.